Metal casting is an ancient method that has been implemented in various industries for various applications and purposes. Although metal casting is a classic technique it's still been applied in this contemporary age. A few of the factors which have kept this ancient procedure dwelling are due to metal personalization demands, economic setup, and artistic demands. With the discovery of steel or any other metal and alloys, the industrialization revolution reached new heights.
With this brand new industrial level, new hopes to customize metal according to the industrial needs also shot up. Seeing this rise in demand, the small and the mid-level manufacturers sprung and later joined to make multinational companies. Because of this industrialization, a utility to metal casting was the first implemented at the commercial level.
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Another reason that kept the metal casting technique alive is the low-cost setup and implementation. Basically, the process of metal casting is simple and need not require high skills. What the company need is a furnace to heat the raw solid metal or alloy to molten level at high temperature and pore this molten metal to the customized molds to give the desired shape.
The actual metal casting process can be of several forms, the most common and the most economical is the sand casting. During this process, mold is prepared from the sand, and the hot molten metal is poured into the mold to make the desired shape. But due to some additional requirements by the industries and the demerits of the existing metal casting process new techniques were discovered and have been used as per the applications and need.